PCSI Board of Directors
1 Secretary, Ministry of Commerce & Textile, Textile Division, Islamabad Chairman
2 Director General (Trade Policy), Commerce Division, Islamabad Vice Chairman
3 Food Security Commissioner-II Ministry of Food Security & Research, Islamabad Member
4 Financial Advisor, Ministry of Commerce and Textile, Textile Division, Islamabad Member
5 Chairman, Trading Corporation of Pakistan Member
6 Secretary, Agriculture Department, Government of Punjab, Lahore Member
7 Secretary, Agriculture Department, Government of Baluchistan, Quetta. Member
8 Secretary, Agriculture Department, Government of Sindh, Karachi. Member
9 Secretary, Agriculture Department, Government of (KPK), Peshawar. Member
10 Vice President, Pakistan Central Cotton Committee, Karachi. Member
11 Chairman, Karachi Cotton Association (KCA), Karachi Member
12 Chairman, All Pakistan Textile Mills Association (APTMA), Karachi. Member
13 Chairman, Pakistan Cotton Ginners Association (PCGA), Karachi. Member
14 Textile Commissioner, Textile Commissioner’s Organization (TCO), Karachi. Member
15 Mr. Bilal Israel Khan, Grower Representative, Punjab Member
16 Dr. Syed Nadeem Qamar, Grower Representative, Sindh Member
17 Mr. Sher Muhammad Ustrana, Grower Representative, Khyber Pakhtoon Khawa (KPK) Member
18 Mr. Abdul Hameed, Grower Representative, Baluchistan Member
19 Dr. Ibad Badar Siddiqui, Cotton Expert, Sindh
20 Mian Mehmood Ahmed, Cotton Grower/ Ginner Punjab
21 Mr. Mukhtar A. Khan Baloch, Cotton Grower/ Ginner, Punjab
22 Director, Pakistan Cotton Standards Institute, Karachi Member/ Ex-officio Secretary
Pakistan cottons is inherently of good quality. But, absence of quality control measures, improper marketing and as well as non existence of a pricing system based on premia and discounts leads to depreciation of the value of raw cotton and the resulting textile products. Being cognizant of these problems, the Government decided to introduce standardization of cotton and bring it at par with the internationally accepted standards for improving the competitiveness of Pakistan’s raw cotton as well as ensuring better returns to cotton growers, ginners, spinners, exporters and the national economy.
For the above purpose the government sought assistance from UNDP/FAO for setting up a Cotton Standardization system. The project till its completion managed to lay down foundation for the Standardization of Pakistan’s cotton. Being convinced with the projects achievements the Government decided to expand the standardization system to the entire cotton belt and approached the UNDP/FAO and Asian Development Bank to seek fresh assistance, for establishment of a permanent body for the purpose. Accordingly Pakistan Cotton Standards Institute (PCSI) project was initiated to meet the following objectives.
i) Establishing and promoting cotton standardization program based upon internationally accepted grading and classification system.
ii) Setting up grades and standards of seed cotton and lint cotton.
iii) Train new generations of cotton graders, classers, arbitrators and instructors.
Government of Pakistan promulgated Cotton Standardization Ordinance 1994 and the same was re-promulgated time and again till 1997. The Cotton Standardization Ordinance 2002 was promulgated on 04-10-2002 to promote quality control of cotton in the country. The promulgation of Cotton Standardization Ordinance 2002 will fully transform the cotton marketing and pricing system based on internationally recognized standards and practices. This ordinance will further help in establishing and promoting the measures required for quality control of cotton at all levels for ensuring still greater foreign exchange receipts. The measures undertaken so far by the institute are epitomized hereunder.
• National cotton standards/grades developed and recognized by internationally.
• Cotton Standardization Rules 2007 gazette notified.
• KCA switched over from its traditional variety wise marketing system to quality based marketing system on the basis of PCSI grades subject to premium / discount.
• Technical capabilities for the implementation of cotton standardization system arranged.
• Established 10 Cotton Fibre Testing Laboratories equipped with HVIs 1000 Classing, Uster, Switzerland, and Shirley Analyzer Machines, MK-2, UK at Multan, Bahawalpur, Veharai, Faisalabad, Sahiwal, D.G. Khan, Rahim Yar Khan (Punjab) Karachi, Sanghar, Mirpur Khas (Sindh).
• Trained over 2487 Cotton Selectors from Public and Private Sector in the skills of Cotton Classing and Grading.
FUNCTIONS OF THE INSTITUTE
a. to introduce standardization of cotton;
b. to establish cotton standards and recommend measures to provincial governments for producing contamination-free cotton;
c. to devise quality control measures for export and domestic use of cotton and the handling procedures for contamination-free cotton in ginning factories;
d. to conduct grading of seed cotton and classification of lint cotton through its Classers or the approved private inspection companies;
e. to pre-qualify the private inspection companies for certifying the quality of cotton;
f. to conduct training and examination in cotton grading and cotton classing for growers, ginners, spinners, exporters and other persons of public and private sectors and awarding the certificate;
g. to develop arbitration procedures to settle disputes relating to classification, grading and contamination amongst sellers and buyers of seed cotton and lint cotton;
h. to liaison with the national and international cotton related institutions; and;
i. to lay down the policy and program and its implementation for training in arbitrating cotton classification and cotton fibre testing.
During the past few years, PCSI has been able to realize significant achievement, some of which are listed below;
i The standards and grades for seed cotton and lint developed by PCSI were approved by the Government and declared to be the official standards for Pakistan cotton.
ii The official standards for lint cotton were recognized by the Liverpool Cotton Association (LCA) UK, for conducting arbitration of Pakistan cotton on the basis of these standards.
iii The new system of grades and standards was successfully implemented in number of ginneries in collaboration with defunct CEC.
iv Official standards were also sent to Bremen Cotton Exchange, Germany and Cotton Association, Italy. These have also been provided to KCA, TCP, APTMA, PCGA etc.
v PCSI has also succeeded in designing the Color Chart for Pakistan Cotton. With the designing of this chart Pakistan is now able to instrumentally evaluate its raw cotton on High Volume Instruments (HVIs) according to its own officially approved standards.
vi 230 Cotton Classers have been trained so far, while 19 female fibre testing technicians have been trained in different concepts and operations of fibre testing instruments. Besides, PCSI has also imparted training to over 2487 cotton selectors belonging to the different segments of cotton trade.
vii Due to the implementation of the cotton standardization system and segregation of some better cotton types in selected ginneries, the Pakistan cottons was quoted in Cotlook price Index ‘A’ whereas previously these were being quoted only under Cotlook Price Index ‘B’ which has a price difference of 5 to 7 cents / lbs between the two indices.
viii On the plea of PCSI and foreseeing the future prospective, the Karachi Cotton Association switched over from its traditional Variety based marketing system to the most scientifically derived marketing system based upon premium/discount on the basis of PCSI Official Grades. This switching over could be termed as a great achievement in the right direction considering the global marketing trend.
ix. PCSI has established 10 cotton fibre testing laboratories equipped with High Volume Instruments (HVIs) 1000 Classing, Uster, Switzerland and Shirley Analyzer Machines MK II Atlas UK at Multan, Vehari, Rahim Yar Khan, Sahiwal, Faisalabad, D.G. Khan, Bahawalpur (Punjab) & Karachi, Mirpur Khas, Sanghar (Sindh).
The newly introduced system with required diversification focusing quality in all dimensional aspect when applied on larger area is expected to ensure supply of standardized clean and uniform raw material to the domestic textile industry on the one hand, and sizable addition in foreign exchange earnings through export of better grades of raw cotton, yarn and made up goods, on the other hand.