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Training

TRAINING OFFERED BY PCSI HEAD OFFICE, KARACHI

 

Training.

TRAINING OFFERED BY PCSI

Cotton Selectors’ Training Course

Duration / Timing

A four weeks Training course:-

Monday-Thursday                9:30 a.m. to 1:00 p.m.

Friday                                   9:30 a.m. to 12:00 noon

VENUE

  1. PCSI Head Office, Karachi.           April  and Oct.
  2. PCSI Regional office, Multan.       Feb.  and Sept.
  3. PCSI Regional Office, Sukkur.      Mar. and Aug.

 

  1. COTTON SELECTORS’ TRAINING COURSE

Training Objective:

The training aims at producing skilled manpower to grade and classify seed cotton and lint cotton according to its specifications, to preserve optimum fibre quality by adopting standard operative procedures/ practices in cotton picking procedures, handling, storage, transportation and field operations up to ginning stage in order to facilitate the production of high quality standardized clean cotton.

Curriculum Salient Points:

Entry Level:                                                               Matric

Duration                                                                    4 weeks

Weekly Contact hours                                            76 hours

Training Methodology                                             Theory       20%Practical     80%

Medium of Instruction                                             English/ Urdu

Knowledge / Skill Proficiency Detail:

On successful completion of the training the trainee should be able to:

 

  1. Identify and cognize technical specifications of official lint cotton standards and seed cotton grades.
  2. Grade seed cotton.
  • Classify Lint Cotton.
  1. Know proper cotton picking procedures, handling, storage and transportation.
  2. Know the manual (Dandari/ Khalari) / mechanical methods for controlling moisture in seed cotton.
  3. Excess moisture contents in cotton and its drawback.
  • Grade-wise heaping of seed cotton.
  • Store cotton with appropriate moisture content.
  1. Identify plant and non-plant contaminants in seed cotton and lint cotton particularlyPolythene, Polypropylene and jute strings / bags contaminants in processed textile goods.
  2. Know the fundamentals about ginning, ginning machinery and ginning process.
  3. Know the fundamentals on fibre characteristics and fibre testing.
  • To assess cotton staple length (32nd of an inch).
  • Draw lint cotton samples properly.
  • Packing and stacking of lint cotton bales.

 

  1. Curriculum Delivery Structure:

 

1st Week Time
Day Date 9:30-10:20 10:20-11.10 11:10-11:30 11:30-12:10 12:10-1:00
Registration of Participants Course Inauguration and briefing on Functions of PCSI by Joint Director, PCSI
Seed Cotton Grading Lint Cotton Classification Break Lint Cotton Staple Lint Cotton Classification
Seed Cotton Grading Lint Cotton Classification Break Lint Cotton Staple Lecture
Seed Cotton Grading Lint Cotton Classification Break Lint Cotton Classification Lint Cotton Staple
Seed Cotton Grading Lint Cotton Classification Break Lint Cotton Classification Lint Cotton Staple

 

2nd Week Time
Day Date 9:30-10:20 10:20-11.10 11:10-11:30 11:30-12:10 12:10-1:00
Seed Cotton Grading Lint Cotton Staple Break Lint Cotton Classification Lecture
Lint Cotton Classification Seed Cotton Grading Break Lint Cotton Staple Lint Cotton Classification
Lint Cotton Staple Seed Cotton Grading Break Lint Cotton Staple Lecture
Seed Cotton Grading Lint Cotton Staple Break Lint Cotton Classification Lecture
Seed Cotton Grading Lint Cotton Staple Break Lint Cotton Classification Lint Cotton Staple

 

3rd Week Time
Day Date 9:30-10:20 10:20-11.10 11:10-11:30 11:30-12:10 12:10-1:00
Seed Cotton Grading Lint Cotton Staple Break Lint Cotton Classification Lecture
Lint Cotton Classification Seed Cotton Grading Break Visit Cotton Fiber Testing Laboratory
Lint Cotton Staple Seed Cotton Grading Break Lint Cotton Staple Lecture
Seed Cotton Grading Lint Cotton Staple Break Lint Cotton Classification Lecture
Seed Cotton Grading Lecture Break Lint Cotton Classification Lint Cotton Staple

 

4th Week Time
Day Date 9:30-10:20 10:20-11.10 11:10-11:30 11:30-12:10 12:10-1:00
Seed Cotton Grading Lint Cotton Staple Break Lint Cotton Classification Lint Cotton Staple
Lint Cotton Classification Seed Cotton Grading Break Lint Cotton Staple Lint Cotton Classification
Lint Cotton Staple Seed Cotton Grading Break Group Discussion Group Discussion
Final Examination Lint Cotton Staple Break Lint Cotton Classification Seed cotton Grading

 

  • lectures on:
  1. Introduction of Pakistan Cotton Standards Institute.
  2. Upland Cotton History and Classification
  3. Impact of Picking, handling process on the quality of raw cotton.
  4. An overview on Ginning Process of Cotton in Pakistan.
  5. Factors affecting cotton quality during ginning.
  6. Contamination in Cotton, sources and remedial measures.
  7. Effect of contamination in Spinning.
  8. Characteristics / properties of Cotton fibre & their importance.
  9. Standardization of raw cotton in Pakistan.
  10. Marketing of cotton in Pakistan.
  • Field Visits ( Optional ):
  • Cotton Farms/ Fields( Optional ):
  • Cotton Ginning Factories( Optional ):
  • Spinning/ Textile Mills ( Optional ):

Complimentary Visit:

PCSI Cotton Fibre Testing Laboratory.

(Instrumental Classification on High Volume Instrument/ Shirley Analyzer Machine etc.).

 

Participants:

                                    MULTAN              SUKKUR          KARACHI

                                           80                           40                        50

 

Job Oppurtunities:

           

            The prospects for employment in cotton textile industry are very bright. These trained personals are well recognized by the industry as Cotton Selector.

 

Course Fee:  5000/- per participant

 

 

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Instrumental Classification of Cotton 

The meaning of fibre quality is different to grower and to cotton processor, as there is no after harvest mechanism available that improves fibre quality.  Most of the research has been directed towards improving yields rather than improving quality of cotton.      In this context there is need to acquire a system of management to improve the quality of fibre which ultimately full fill the need of end user i.e. the spinner.In order to compete with fast market trends and development in the spinning technologies it is necessary to evaluate an effective method for determining cotton quality parameter.

The manual classification of cotton describes the quality attributes of cotton in terms of grade, staple and character according to a set of standards. Here a character is a complex element, which refers to those elements of cotton quality that are not included in grade or staple length, as some are measurable and other are dependent on the classers judgment. As the cotton industry grows larger & larger having more advancement in spinning technology it becomes very difficult to only rely on manual classification to judge the cotton quality, therefore a need of instrumental classification was required to overcome the demand of textile industry.

International realization of the value of instrument based cotton quality measurements and growing recognition amongst cotton producing countries about internationally quality standards for instrument testing would soon become the norm for trading of cotton worldwide. Instrument classing has brought the spinning industry forward in terms of information about the respective fibre characteristics, optimizing the spinning of cotton into yarn, but exchange and repeatability of test results worldwide remains problematic. Beside many other fibre testing instruments HVI system has the dominant role in cotton fibre testing. There are currently over 1500 Uster High Volume Instrument (HVI) systems in the world for measuring cotton quality.

Pakistan begins its journey for cotton standardization and instrumental classification of cotton in 1988 with establishment of first Cotton Fibre Testing Laboratory equipped with most modern High Volume Instrument and other Fibre Testing instruments. In 1993 two more laboratories were established and 2nd HVI was imported from USA for strengthening testing capacity and capability for national cotton standardization and quality control programme. Besides PCSI trained and developed a experienced team of qualified staff to undertake the operation of labs matching international standards.

In the recent past Pakistan has undergone tremendous developments in Cotton Textile Industry. Foreseeing the needs of industry government of Pakistan established a separate Ministry for Textile. The ministry realizing the changing trends and demand of quality products in the global cotton and textile markets decided that cotton produced  in Pakistan should be tested 100% through PCSI Standardized HVI equipped Laboratories. This can not be accomplished overnight and will probably require a gradual approach over a given period of time. Initially government Pakistan invested hundred of millions for establishing ten more Cotton Fibre Testing Laboratories equipped with latest version of HVI Classing 1000 at  Karachi, Mirpurkhas, Sanghar (Sindh) and Rahimyarkhan, Bahawalpur, Multan, Vehari, D.G. Khan, Fisalabad, Sahiwal (Punjab) across the main cotton belt of Pakistan.

This testing results of these laboratories are reliable, unbiased objective and provides reliable results and information not only to spinner to use cotton more efficiently, but also to seed breeders, cotton producers and ginners etc.

To make HVI test results more beneficent and useful a number of factors / practices are considered:

Sample Handling and Conditioning

Calibration of Instruments and Sample Testing

Round Test (Trials)

Participation in Research and Development

Sample Handling and Conditioning :

The Cotton Fibre Tests at PCSI eleven Cotton Fibre Testing Laboratories are conducted under maintained atmospheric conditions temperature (20 degree centigrade + 2) and relative humidity (65% + 2). These conditions have been maintained according to ASTM Standard with use of appropriate air-conditioning and humidification equipments.

Fibre samples are properly conditioned before testing. For the purpose the samples are kept open on trolleys in the standard atmospheric condition.

ii- Calibration of Instruments and Sample Testing:

Calibration is actually a way of achieving the correct level of testing by using the internal software to adjust the mechanical setup of HVI System. Standard calibration on samples provided by USDA are used to adjust the machine for testing after calibration. Each day before starting sample testing each instrument including HVI is calibrated according to standard calibration procedure. One check test is done to verify the accuracy of the test.

iii. Participation in international cotton Round Test (Trials):

Cotton Fibre Testing conducted at PCSI Laboratories follow the standard method of testing recommended by American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). Since the time of establishment, PCSI Cotton Fibre Testing Laboratories has regularly been participating in HVI International Calibration Sampling exercises conducted in USA and Bremen in Germany. The results obtained by PCSI using these facilities match the best of those found elsewhere in the world and have provided measure of confidence in the professional standing of staff and facilities of laboratories.

Participation in Research and Development Programme:

 

Intellectual innovation and challenges are part of normal activities at all scientific and technical institutions. Beside routine laboratory testing PCSI laboratories also offer excellent facilities for PCSI Staff and others elsewhere in the country to undertake research & development work.

Recently, PCSI has shifted its HVI equipped Cotton Fibre Testing Laboratory from Faisalabad City to the premises of National Textile University, Faisalabad to facilitate the research and development work to be undertaken by the researchers and scientists.      

 

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